Acute Flaccid Myelitis is a polio-like sickness that affects the nerve cells in the gray matter of the spinal cord. It is thought to be caused by a viral infection. Children with Acute Flaccid Myelitis have an acute onset of flaccid paralysis that usually happens in the leg or arm. They might also have trouble swallowing or have trouble moving their face. This weakness might progress to the weakness of the muscles that control breathing. It is important to seek care for a child who is developing weakness.
Acute Flaccid Myelitis is a rare but progressively known cause of paralysis that primarily occurs in children. In recent history, this condition has been observed in clusters that appear to befall every two years. The first notable increase occurred in 2014, with additional spikes in 2016 and 2018.
What causes Acute Flaccid Myelitis?
Acute Flaccid Myelitis is thought to be caused by germs such as toxins, viruses, or poisons in the environment. It can also be possible because of certain genetic issues. Several viruses that have been linked to this condition include poliovirus, adenoviruses, and West Nile Virus. Non-polio enteroviruses have also been linked to Acute Flaccid Myelitis and some other diseases of the nervous system like Acute Flaccid Myelitis.
Signs and Symptoms of Acute Flaccid Myelitis
The most common signs and symptoms of Acute Flaccid Myelitis include:
Other possible signs and symptoms include:
Uncommon symptoms might include:
Severe symptoms include respiratory failure. It may be because the muscles involved in breathing become weak. It is also possible to experience blood pressure instability and life-threatening body temperature changes.
Risk Factors Of Having Acute Flaccid Myelitis
The following are the listed factors at risk of getting the disease.
Areas affected by the condition:
Anyone can get Acute Flaccid Myelitis, but most cases have been in young children.
To prevent Acute Flaccid Myelitis, doctors may recommend that you:
Treating Acute Flaccid Myelitis
Here are some things that can help with the symptoms of Acute Flaccid Myelitis. Children with Acute Flaccid Myelitis may need:
Medications for Acute Flaccid Myelitis
There are no precise cures for Acute Flaccid Myelitis. Occupational and physical treatment to reinstate movement is seen as being very significant. Some doctors may recommend treatments such as: