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Mycetoma is a chronic disease caused by a progressive growth of bacteria and fungi. The fungi are commonly found in soil and water. The infection of the disease may result in a firm and makes the skin weak. It can affect your underlying bone.

The bacteria can spread by entering the body through a skin breakage. It typically occurs in the foot. It affects people of all ages. Men are more prone to this disease. The reported cases of this condition have reached a higher number.

This condition can be serious and life-threatening. An early detection and treatment can be of help to reduce the number of deaths. Also to improve the treatment outcome of the disease.


The signs & symptoms of Mycetoma may include:

  • Painless masses in the skin
  • Developing oozing sores
  • The limb becomes deformed or unusable
  • A fixed subcutaneous nodule
  • Having a vesicle with an indurated base
  • Fistula to the skin surface
  • Lesions in the skin
  • Tenderness of the skin
  • A papule in the skin


The following are the cause of the infection.

  • A wound
  • Through a skin cut or breakage
  • Through pricks of the skin by walking barefoot
  • Skin Lesions


The following are the people at risk of developing this disease.

  • Age of a person
  • Young and Adult
  • Farmers
  • Livestock herders
  • Men and Women
  • Weak immune system
  • Agriculturalist
  • Laborers
  • People living in Africa, Latin America and Asia
  • People living and traveling in endemic areas


There is no actual way of preventing the disease to occur. Because this condition is not a notifiable disease. It is difficult to prevent this kind of this disease. But people who travel, and living in endemic areas are advised not to walk with their barefoot.

An early detection before symptoms occur can cause serious effects. It can reduce the risk of developing mycetoma. And early treatment can cure right away the condition.

Always remember that prevention is better than cure.


In diagnosing this condition, your doctor may take a sample of the infected area and send it to the lab. The diagnosis is made by examining the causative agents through the microscope. Some test that the doctor may require you in diagnosing includes:

  • Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA)
  • Surgical Biopsy
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
  • MRI Tests
  • CT Scan
  • Ultrasound

After the doctor, have diagnosed you with the disease. A treatment for the condition will take place.


The treatments for the condition may be sometimes surgery. A surgery will take place if the disease is severe. But if it’s considered mild. The treatment may be antibacterial medication.

Antibacterial Drugs include:

  • Amphotecirin B (Fungizone)
  • Itraconazole (Sporanox)
  • Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
  • Voriconazole (VFEND)

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