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HEMORRHOIDS: Causes, Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Hemorrhoids are a condition of swollen veins in your lower rectum. A hemorrhoid is also known as “Piles”. This condition occurs due to straining bowel movements. These blood vessels tend to stretch that lead the vein to get a bulge. This condition is known to be common. This disease is not serious either not dangerous. There are treatments and remedies to get a relief from this condition.

What Causes Hemorrhoids?

The cause of this condition is unknown. This condition occurs due to a pressure of the blood vessels in the anus. The pressure that it causes can lead the back passage to be inflamed and swollen. Having too much straining can cause this condition to occur.

  • Constipation may also be a cause of this condition to occur. This condition shows a lack of fiber diet.
  • Diarrhea is a condition that may increase your risk your risk of getting this condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

The signs and symptoms of Hemorrhoid may include the following:

  • Having pain/discomfort around the anus.
  • See blood in a toilet tissue or bowl when you use the comfort room.
  • Swelling around the anus.
  • Itching in the anal region.
  • Sensitive or painful lump near the anus.
  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements.

If this condition continues to get worse call your doctor right away.

Risk Factors

The following are people at risk of having Hemorrhoids:

  • A family history with the disease
  • Lifting heavy weight objects
  • Having a persistent cough and vomiting
  • Sitting for a long period of time
  • Age of a person (adults are at risk of getting this disease)
  • Being pregnant
  • An overweight/obese person


In diagnosing this condition your doctor will suggest you perform a medical exam. The following are procedures that help them to confirm your condition. These are the following:

  • Digital Examination
  • Visual Inspection
  • Proctoscopy

How To Treat Hemorrhoids?

A hemorrhoid is a condition that clears up themselves for a couple of days. However, your doctor may recommend a medication to help ease the symptoms. A healthy diet with prescribed medicine can help you with the condition. Here are the following treatments that may help you:


  • Don’t use a dry paper towel.
  • Take an oral pain reliever.
  • Use topical treatment.
  • Eat food rich in fiber.
  • Keep your anal area clean.
  • Apply cold.
  • Soak regularly in a warm bath.

MEDICATIONS – your doctor may prescribe an over the counter medicine to relieve pain and itching. It may include ointments, cream, and suppositories.


  • Injection (Sclerotherapy)
  • Coagulation
  • Rubber Band Ligation
  • Hemorrhoid Stapling
  • Hemorrhoid Removal

Preventive Measures

There are ways to prevent this condition to occur. This precautionary measure will help you reduce your risk of getting the disease:

  • Drink plenty of fluids most especially water.
  • Choose foods to eat. Eat foods that are rich in fiber.
  • Avoid sitting for a long period of time.
  • Go right away to the bathroom as you feel the urge.
  • Consider taking fiber supplements.
  • Maintain a healthy diet and exercise.