Re-Order Re-Order

Chat Support
Monday to Saturday



Acne is a common skin condition that creates pimples. It develops when pores become clogged. It’s most common in teenagers and young adults, however it can also occur in adulthood for many people. There are treatments available to get rid of acne and avoid scarring.

What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition characterized by the occurrence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts. It usually happens when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This leads to inflammation and the formation of lesions on the skin. 

Acne can appear on various parts of the body, including the face, chest, back, and shoulders. While acne is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause emotional anguish and damage the skin, especially if it persists or becomes severe.

What causes acne?

Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Several factors contribute to the development of acne, including:

1.  Excess Sebum Production: The skin produces an oily substance called sebum. Sebum can clog pores when produced in excess.

2.  Clogged Pores: When dead skin cells and oil accumulate in hair follicles, they can form plugs that block the pores. Thus, leading to the development of acne lesions.

3.  Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes, a type of bacteria that naturally resides on the skin, can multiply in clogged pores. Thus, contributing to inflammation and acne formation.

4.  Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels can trigger the sebaceous glands to overproduce oil, resulting in acne.

5.  Genetics: A family history of acne can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

6.  Diet: Certain foods, such as dairy products and high-glycemic-index foods, may worsen acne in some individuals.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Acne presents with various symptoms, which can range from mild to severe. Common signs and symptoms include:

1.  Whiteheads: Whiteheads are closed blocked pores that appear as tiny white lumps on the skin’s surface.

2.  Blackheads: Blackheads are open, blocked pores that form when trapped oil and dead skin cells are exposed to air and darkened.

3.  Papules: Papules are little, tender red pimples that are uncomfortable to touch.

4.  Pustules: Pus-filled lesions with a red base and yellow or white pus.

5.  Nodules: Nodules are large, firm lumps beneath the skin’s surface that cause pain.

6.  Cysts: Cysts are painful, pus-filled lesions deep within the skin that can leave scars.

Types and Who It Affects

There are several types of acne, including:

  • Comedonal acne: This is the most common type, characterized by whiteheads and blackheads.
  • Inflammatory acne: This type is more severe, with redness, swelling, and pus-filled pimples.
  • Cystic acne: This is the most severe form, where oil and dead skin cells build up deep within hair follicles, causing boil-like inflammation.

Who Does Acne Affect? 

Acne can affect individuals of all ages, but it is most common during puberty and adolescence due to hormonal changes. However, adults can also develop acne, particularly women during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause. Factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and skincare habits can also influence an individual’s susceptibility to acne.

Acne Triggers

Certain things may trigger or worsen acne, including:

1.  Hormonal changes: Changes in hormone levels during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can trigger acne flare-ups.

  • Stress: While stress does not cause acne, it can make it worse.
  • Diet: Some studies suggest that diets high in refined sugars or dairy products may be related to acne in some people.
  • Certain medications: Some medications, including corticosteroids, lithium, and androgens, can cause or worsen acne.
  • Skincare Products: Using comedogenic or pore-clogging skincare products can contribute to the development of acne.
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to pollutants, humidity, and excessive sweating can clog pores and exacerbate acne.

Treatment of Acne

Several treatment options are available for managing acne. These include:

1.  Topical Treatments: OTC and prescription topical medications can help unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and kill acne-causing bacteria. These include:

·      benzoyl peroxide

·      salicylic acid

·      retinoids

·      antibiotics 

2.  Oral Medications: Oral antibiotics, hormonal medications, and isotretinoin may be prescribed for moderate to severe acne that does not respond to topical treatments.

3.  Procedures: Dermatological procedures can help improve acne by exfoliating the skin, reducing oil production, and killing bacteria. This includes:

·      chemical peels

·      microdermabrasion

·      laser therapy

·      photodynamic therapy

4.  Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a skincare routine tailored to acne-prone skin, practicing good hygiene, managing stress, and maintaining a healthy diet can complement medical treatments and prevent acne breakouts.

Search by Name