A stress ulcer is a sore in the upper gastrointestinal tract. These sores damage the gastrointestinal lining and cause pain, a feeling of burning, and an increased risk of infection. The damage ranges from minor irritation to severe bleeding.
The most common symptom of a stomach ulcer is gnawing or burning pain in the center of the abdomen. Stomach ulcers are not always painful as well as some people may experience other symptoms such as feeling sick, heartburn, and indigestion.
A stomach ulcer occurs when the layer that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid breaks down. It allows the stomach lining to become damaged. The following is usually a result of:
It is now known how many people have stomach ulcers even though they are thought to be quite common. Stomach ulcers affect people of any age but mostly occur in people aged 60 or over. Men are more commonly affected than women.
Complications of stomach ulcers are relatively uncommon, but they can be very serious and potentially life-threatening. The main complications include:
Prophylactic treatment of stress ulcers is commonly provided to critically ill patients to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by stress.
Stress ulcer prophylaxis has become widely accepted globally, but questions remain about its effects and indications. Current controversies regarding stress ulcer prophylaxis for critically ill patients, including risk factors, bleeding frequency, adverse effects, comparative efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of the available stress ulcer prophylaxis regimens, are discussed by experts.
This is usually prescribed if you have an H. pylori infection. The most commonly used are:
2. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
PPIs lessens the amount of acid your stomach makes. It prevents further damage to the ulcer as it heals naturally. The most common medications used are:
3. H2-receptor antagonists
4. Antacids and alginates
Some antacids contain a drug called alginate. It produces a protective coating on the lining of your stomach.
This type of medication is available to buy over-the-counter at pharmacies. Your pharmacist can guide you on which is most suitable for you.