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Medication To Treat Type 2 Diabetes

Acarbose is an anti-diabetic drug. It is used to treat type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes type 2 is a condition where the body does not use insulin properly making the body unable to control the amount of sugar in the blood.

Acarbose is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It works by preventing the starch from breaking down into sugar and releasing it into the bloodstream. This is done by blocking the alpha-glucosidase enzyme. Blocking the action of alpha-glucosidase enzyme helps keep the blood glucose from rising after each meal.

Acarbose is used when proper diet, weight reduction and exercise have not controlled the blood sugar in the body. Acarbose is used along with other diabetes medication, proper diet, weight reduction, exercise and lifestyle change.

How to use Acarbose (Glucobay)?

Acarbose comes in a tablet form that you need to take by mouth. Your dose is based on the severity of your condition, your body weight and your other medical conditions. The recommended starting dose is 50 mg once a day. The maximum daily dose is 100mg three times a day. Take this medication at the first bite of your meal. Acarbose only works when there’s food in your stomach.

Take Acarbose regularly to keep your blood sugar level under control. Take it exactly as directed by your physician. Do not take more than what is recommended.

What are the side effects of Acarbose?

Some of the common side effects are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Flatulence
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Mucus discharge

Some of the serious side effects are:

  • Allergic reaction with symptoms like redness, rash and swelling of the skin
  • Liver problems with symptoms like stomach swelling, jaundice and pain in the upper right portion of the stomach
  • Shortness of breath
  • Decreased consciousness

Seek medical attention right away if you will experience symptoms of hyperglycemia such as:

  • Weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger

Important Information

  • Alcoholic beverages may cause a decrease in the blood sugar level while under this medication.
  • Do not take Acarbose if you are allergic to its active ingredient and if you have larger hernias, chronic intestinal conditions, colonic ulceration and partial intestinal blockage.
  • Several drugs may interact with Acarbose. Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medications.
  • Do not stop taking this drug. You will be unable to control your blood sugar level if you will stop taking this medication which can lead to complications like nerve damage, stroke and several other complications.