Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a condition that causes enlargement of the prostate gland but it is not cancerous. It is also called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic obstruction. As men age, their prostates go through two main growth periods. The first occurs early in puberty when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and lasts until the end of a man’s life.
It often occurs with the second growth phase. As the prostate enlarges, the gland presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely, leaving some urine in the bladder.
Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms. Other possible causes of urinary symptoms:
It is not entirely clear what causes the prostate to enlarge. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older. The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube that transports urine from your bladder out of your penis passes through the prostate. Most men have continued prostate growth throughout life. As it grows, it often becomes enlarged enough to cause urinary symptoms or significantly block urine flow in some men.
The best treatment choice for you depends on several factors, including the size of your prostate, age, and overall health. If your symptoms are tolerable, you might decide to postpone treatment and simply monitor your symptoms. For some men, symptoms can ease without treatment. Doctors may also recommend a combination approach of medications and therapy. Typical medications for BPH are alpha-blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination drug therapy, and tadalafil.
Dutasteride is used to treat BPH found in men. It belongs to a class of drugs known as a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor. This drug is used to treat the enlargement of the prostate gland. It inhibits and lowers the amount of the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which is responsible for prostate growth.