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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Child

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. It typically appears in early childhood before a child turns seven. ADHD makes it difficult for children to inhibit their spontaneous responses from movement to speech to attentiveness.

Signs and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children

While many children are naturally quite active, kids with attention deficit disorder hyperactive symptoms are always moving. They may try to do several things simultaneously, bouncing around from one activity to the next. Other common signs and symptoms include:

Little boy playing with his feet
  • Tapping of foot 
  • Shaking of legs
  • Fingers are drumming
  • Constantly fidget and squirm
  • Have difficulty sitting still, playing quietly, or relaxing.
  • Move around frequently
  • Often running or climbing inappropriately
  • Talk excessively

Impulsive Signs and Symptoms of ADHD in Children

  • Act without thinking
  • Often interrupt others
  • Say the wrong thing at the wrong time.
  • Be unable to keep powerful emotions in check
  • Guess, rather than taking time to solve a problem
  • Blurt out answers in class without waiting to be called on or hear the whole question.
  • Intrude in other people’s conversations or games
  • Angry outbursts or temper tantrums
Alcohol or drug abuse

Causes of ADHD

In addition to genetics, other possible causes and risk factors also include:

  • Low birth weight
  • Brain injury
  • Exposure to environmental risks at a young age or during pregnancy
  • Alcohol and tobacco use of mother during pregnancy
  • Premature delivery

How to Diagnose ADHD?

Anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and learning disabilities can all have symptoms similar to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and there is no single test to diagnose these. One step involves having a medical exam, including hearing and vision tests, to rule out other problems with symptoms like ADHD. ADHD is diagnosed by rating symptoms and taking a history of the child from the parents, teachers, and sometimes, the child himself.

Treatments for ADHD in Children

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications, behavior therapy, counseling, and education services. These treatments can relieve many Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms but do not cure them. Doctors may also recommend Atomoxetine to reduce impulsiveness and hyperactivity in children and adults with ADHD. It is crucial to make sure your child takes the right amount of the prescribed medication.

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