Allergic Rhinitis is the medical term for hay fever or allergies. You have an allergy when your body overreacts to things that don’t cause problems for most people. These things are called allergens. Your body’s overreaction to the allergens is what causes symptoms.
There are two types of allergic rhinitis:
Your immune system mistakes a harmless airborne substance for something harmful when you have hay fever. When you have hay fever, your immune system produces antibodies against this harmless substance. Your immune system receives a signal from the antibodies the next time you are exposed to the substance, which causes it to release chemicals such as histamine into your bloodstream, causing the symptoms of hay fever.
Your doctor will examine you, ask you about your symptoms, and assess you for other conditions, such as a cold or asthma. A blood sample may be taken and sent to a lab for testing to measure your antibodies to specific allergens. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) testing is the name given to this blood test. It can detect almost all types of allergies. To find out what allergens are causing your symptoms, your doctor may recommend a skin prick test.
The best thing you can do to avoid your hay fever triggers is to limit your exposure. Over-the-counter medications may suffice if your hay fever isn’t too severe. Medications can be prescribed for more severe symptoms. Combining allergy medications can provide the best relief for many people. If you’re not sure what works best for you, you may have to try several options.
1. Nasal corticosteroids
4. Oral corticosteroids